Paris, le 25 juin 2010
Le Groupe d’Action Financière (GAFI) est l’organisme qui établit au niveau international les normes en matière de lutte contre le blanchiment de capitaux et le financement du terrorisme (LBC/FT). Afin de protéger le système financier international des risques de BC/FT et de promouvoir une plus grande conformité avec les normes de LBC/FT, le GAFI a identifié des juridictions qui présentent des défaillances stratégiques et travaille avec elles en vue de remédier à ces défaillances, qui présentent un risque pour le système financier international.
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1. Jurisdictions subject to a FATF call on its members and other jurisdictions to apply counter-measures to protect the international financial system from the ongoing and substantial money laundering and terrorist financing (ML/TF) risks emanating from the jurisdiction *:
2. Jurisdictions with strategic AML/CFT deficiencies that have not committed to an action plan developed with the FATF to address key deficiencies as of June 2010. The FATF calls on its members to consider the risks arising from the deficiencies associated with the jurisdiction, as described below.
1. The FATF has previously issued public statements calling for counter-measures on Iran. Those statements are updated below.
* Despite the FATF’s efforts, this jurisdiction has not constructively engaged with the FATF or an FSRB as of June 2010 and has not committed to the international AML/CFT standards.
1. Jurisdictions subject to a FATF call on its members and other jurisdictions to apply counter-measures to protect the international financial system from the ongoing and substantial money laundering and terrorist financing (ML/TF) risks emanating from the jurisdiction:
The FATF welcomes the recent steps that Iran has taken to engage with the FATF, but remains concerned by Iran’s failure to meaningfully address the ongoing and substantial deficiencies in its anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) regime. The FATF remains particularly concerned about Iran’s failure to address the risk of terrorist financing and the serious threat this poses to the integrity of the international financial system. The FATF urges Iran to immediately and meaningfully address its AML/CFT deficiencies, in particular by criminalising terrorist financing and effectively implementing suspicious transaction reporting (STR) requirements.
The FATF reaffirms its call on members and urges all jurisdictions to advise their financial institutions to give special attention to business relationships and transactions with Iran, including Iranian companies and financial institutions. In addition to enhanced scrutiny, the FATF reaffirms its 25 February 2009 call on its members and urges all jurisdictions to apply effective counter-measures to protect their financial sectors from money laundering and financing of terrorism (ML/FT) risks emanating from Iran. FATF continues to urge jurisdictions to protect against correspondent relationships being used to bypass or evade counter-measures and risk mitigation practices, and to take into account ML/FT risks when considering requests by Iranian financial institutions to open branches and subsidiaries in their jurisdiction. If Iran fails to take concrete steps to improve its AML/CFT regime, the FATF will consider calling on its members and urging all jurisdictions to strengthen counter-measures in October 2010.
2. Jurisdictions with strategic AML/CFT deficiencies that have not committed to an action plan developed with the FATF to address key deficiencies as of June 2010. The FATF calls on its members to consider the risks arising from the deficiencies associated with each jurisdiction, as described below.
The Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) has not committed to the AML/CFT international standards, nor has it responded to the FATF’s numerous requests for engagement on these issues. DPRK’s lack of a comprehensive AML/CFT regime poses a risk to the international financial system. DPRK should work with the FATF to develop a viable AML/CFT regime in line with international standards.
The FATF remains concerned by São Tomé and Príncipe’s failure to meaningfully address the deficiencies in its AML/CFT regime, particularly relating to terrorist financing. São Tomé and Príncipe’s lack of a comprehensive AML/CFT regime poses a risk to the international financial system. São Tomé and Príncipe should work with the FATF and GIABA to address the remaining AML/CFT deficiencies.