The UN CTC, comprising all 15 members of the Security Council, was established by Resolution 1373 (2001) on 28 September 2001. Acting under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter (concerning threats to international peace and security), the Security Council adopted the resolution to enforce counter-terrorist measures in United Nations Member States.
The Committee monitors implementation of resolution 1373 by means of direct dialogue with each Member State. It analyses States’ regular reports to the Committee, and follows up its analysis with responses that identify the areas in which States need to improve in order to achieve full implementation of the resolution. The Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED) was established in 2004 to support the Committee in this work.