Alternative remittance systems are financial services, traditionally operating outside the conventional financial sector, where value or funds are moved from one geographic location to another.
Each country should take measures to ensure that persons or legal entities, including agents, that provide a service for the transmission of money or value, including transmission through an informal money or value transfer system or network, should be licensed or registered and subject to all the FATF Recommendations that apply to banks and non-bank financial institutions. Each country should ensure that persons or legal entities that carry out this service illegally are subject to administrative, civil or criminal sanctions.
This Best Practices Paper is intended to give additional details (including some examples), to offer jurisdictions suggestions in implementing Special Recommendation VI and to give them guidance on how to detect alternative remittance systems outside the conventional financial sector. It focuses on many practical issues, such as the identification of money/value transfer services, the procedures for licensing or registering such services and their customer due diligence procedures.
Please note that this document refers to the FATF Recommendations as last updated and published in October 2004, and does not yet take into account the 2012 revision of the FATF Recommendations.
Click here for the 2012 FATF Recommendations, including the conversion table from the old Recommendation to the new FATF Recommendation.
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