MONEYVAL's role in the global AML/CFT network

An Address by Mr. Giancarlo Del Bufalo
President of the FATF

MONEYVAL Plenary Meeting
13 December 2011
Strasbourg, France


Good morning Mr. Chairman, Executive Secretary, distinguished delegates and colleagues.

I am very pleased to be here today at the Council of Europe in Strasbourg to address the 37th MONEYVAL Plenary meeting, and I wish to sincerely thank you for the invitation.

This is the fourth FATF Associate Member Plenary meeting that I have attended since the start of the Italian Presidency. I would like to take this opportunity to highlight the important role MONEYVAL plays in the global AML/CFT network as one of the senior FATF associate members and one of the consistently well-performing ones.

Review of the FATF Recommendations

As you all know, the Review of the FATF Standards is coming to a close, following a lot of hard work. MONEYVAL has taken part in the in-depth discussions over the past two years both through the participation of individual members and the active contribution of the MONEYVAL Secretariat.

Many improvements can be found in the proposed revisions to the FATF standards; and, as MONEYVAL has been following this work closely throughout the review process, I will simply outline how the work will go from here.

Revisions to the texts of individual Recommendations are nearly finished. The complete text was presented to the private sector in the context of a consultation meeting that took place in Milan last week. The reactions were all in all positive, although there were many remarks and comments on a broad range of issues, as well as some complaints on the perceived additional burden that the revised Standards might put on the private sector. As expected, the Risk-Based Approach was one of the main items discussed. A detailed report on the private sector remarks will be circulated to delegations before Christmas.

The next step will then be to discuss the issues raised by the private sector, any remaining significant issues raised by delegations, as well as the proposed “simplified” structure for the Recommendations. This will take place at the extraordinary FATF Plenary session scheduled for the week of the 9th of January 2012 in Paris. It is at this meeting that we hope to finalise all major remaining issues.

The FATF Plenary will adopt the revised text of the Recommendations in February 2012, and then begin work on revising the assessment methodology and the mutual evaluation and follow-up processes. We look forward to carrying out this revision work in close collaboration with associate members and completing it by early 2013.

MONEYVAL has a great deal to contribute to this process through the wealth of experience it has acquired from three full rounds of mutual evaluations as well as from the fourth round currently underway.

MONEYVAL experience in the evaluation process is, in my view, essential to help us all to develop and refine a core of common evaluation and follow-up procedures that future rounds will be able to follow. I sincerely hope we can count on your support.

Global AML/CFT Network

As indicated by my predecessor last year, not all FSRBs within the global AML/CFT network are currently operating at the same level. For this reason, we have been looking for ways to identify and address potential weaknesses in individual FSRBs with a view to ensuring the strength of the global AML/CFT network as a whole.

The FATF has been considering ways to further reinforce the global AML/CFT network throughout this year. In October, we agreed on a new set of high level principles and objectives for both the FATF and FSRBs/associate members, which now replace the confusing criteria and obligations that previously applied.

It is important to stress that the newly agreed objectives apply to all bodies – both FATF and the FSRBs – and thus form a clearer and more balanced foundation for the global AML/CFT network. Furthermore, while we have done away with the hierarchical distinction between “FSRBs” and FATF “associate members”, we have decided not to get rid of the terminology: We will thus use the term “FSRB” to describe regional bodies recognised by the FATF as being similar in objectives and functions to the FATF (“FATF-style regional bodies” as the name indicates). We will continue to use the term “associate member” to describe the FSRB from the perspective of how it collaborates with the FATF and within the larger global AML/CFT network.

Some FSRBs do not perform as well as the FATF and other FSRBs would expect, while others face challenges in fully meeting their objectives. This situation represents a problem not only for the FSRBs concerned but also for the global AML/CFT network as a whole. The next phase of our work on reinforcing the global network will be to establish a clear process to ensure that all are able to meet their agreed objectives. We have been calling this process a “peer review” system because it would be applicable to both the FATF and to FSRBs.

The first aim of the peer review process should, in my opinion, be to create a platform for best practice exchange which can help all associate members -- with a priority on those which are encountering difficulties -- to improve their functioning. The MONEYVAL experience can provide a strong contribution to this end.

This process does not intend to prescribe in detail how our respective objectives should be achieved, nor will it be a cumbersome, intrusive or resource-intensive process, as this would not be in our common interest. Instead, the FATF/FSRB “peer review” process should provide a solid framework to reinforcing our best practices and strengthening the global network.

We will begin this discussion at the next FATF Plenary. I look forward to MONEYVAL’s continued active presence in this initiative, as it is only through the participation of the stronger parts of the global AML/CFT network that we will be able to help all to play their respective part.

Mutual Evaluations and Follow-Up Procedures

MONEYVAL is the only FSRB to have started a fourth round of mutual evaluations of its members, aiming to monitor the implementation of the current FATF Standards. The fourth round differs from the previous round in focusing on those Recommendations not fully implemented according to the third round. The MONEYVAL fourth round is therefore, as I understand it, a sort of “follow-up” to the last round.
In addition, you are in the process of carrying out a first mutual evaluation of the Vatican City State (the Holy See) for which the on-site visit has just taken place. This is an important evaluation, as it brings in a State that has until recently been outside the AML/CFT peer review process. I look forward to seeing the results of this evaluation during the relevant discussion of the report next year.

At the same time, MONEYVAL continues to carry out robust mutual evaluation follow-up that includes clear “compliance enhancing procedures”. The MONEYVAL process is designed to maintain the focus on areas where a particular member may not have fully implemented the FATF standards or where it might have failed to make meaningful progress in addressing identified shortcomings.

This monitoring work is an essential tool to ensure effective implementation of the FATF Standards and is the very “raison-d’être” of an FSRB. I congratulate you on such effort and look forward to hearing some of the lessons you have learned through your various processes, as we all work to develop a core of common processes for the next round of evaluation of the new FATF Recommendations.

International Co-operation and Review Group (ICRG)

As you are aware, an important function of the FATF is to identify and address, through its ICRG process, the risks related to jurisdictions that insufficiently apply the FATF Recommendations.

The ICRG process is world-wide in scope and can thus focus on jurisdictions in any region when they meet certain criteria. Even FATF members have been or are currently subject to the ICRG process.

It is important to note that the ICRG process is not intended to replace follow-up or compliance enhancing procedures carried out by FSRBs; rather it is intended to ensure a level playing field in dealing with jurisdictional risks on a world-wide basis.

I am sincerely glad to see that MONEYVAL takes strong action when implementation shortcomings are identified. I am gratified as well that MONEYVAL’s own procedures also help to bring about necessary remedial action when a MONEYVAL member falls under the ICRG process.


I once again thank you for the opportunity to be here today and address MONEYVAL, and I wish to congratulate MONEYVAL on its effective functioning and valuable performance and contribution. I rely on MONEYVAL’s continued support and participation in the FATF efforts to consolidate and enhance the AML/CFT global network.

I regret not to be able to attend the whole meeting as, unfortunately, I have to be necessarily in Rome by tomorrow due to other institutional engagements.

Thank you all for your kind attention.