FATF mutual evaluations are in-depth country reports analysing the implementation and effectiveness of measures to combat money laundering, terrorist and proliferation financing. The reports are peer reviews, where members from different countries assess another country. Mutual evaluations provide an in-depth description and analysis of a country’s anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing system, as well as focused recommendations to further strengthen its system.
During a mutual evaluation, the assessed country must demonstrate that it has an effective framework to protect the financial system from abuse.
Mutual Evaluations have two main components, effectiveness and technical compliance.
- The most important part of a mutual evaluation is a country’s effectiveness ratings. This is the focus of an on-site visit by a team of experts to the assessed country. During this visit, the assessment team will require evidence that demonstrates that the assessed country’s measures are working and delivering the right results. What is expected from a country differs, depending on the money laundering, terrorist financing and other risks it is exposed to.
- The assessment of technical compliance is also an important part of a mutual evaluation. The assessed country must provide information on the laws, regulations and any other legal instruments it has in place to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation.
The mutual evaluation report is an assessment of a country’s measures to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. This includes an assessment of a country’s actions to address the risks emanating from designated terrorists or terrorist organisations. The mutual evaluation report is without prejudice to the status or justification that led to the designation of an entity as a terrorist or terrorist group or organisation.
The FATF conducts peer reviews of each member on an ongoing basis to assess levels of implementation of the FATF Recommendations, providing an in-depth description and analysis of each country’s system for preventing criminal abuse of the financial system.