Türkiye

Member since 1991

Since the assessment of the effectiveness of Türkiye's measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing in 2019, the country has been in an enhanced follow-up process.  The country reported back to the FATF in 2022 on the actions it had taken to strengthen its AML/CFT framework.  As a result of this report, the FATF rerated the country on 3 of the 40 Recommendations.  

Today, the country is compliant with 12 Recommendations, largely compliant with 22 Recommendations, but remains partially compliant with 4 and non-compliant on 2 Recommendations. 

Turkey's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing

10 May 2022

This follow-up report analyses Turkey's progress in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its 2019 Mutual Evaluation and since its 2021 follow-up report.

Turkey's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing

30 Nov 2021

This follow-up report analyses Turkey's progress in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its 2019 Mutual Evaluation.
Turkey Follow-Up Report 2021

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) assessed Turkey’s anti-money laundering and counter terrorist financing (AML/CFT) system. The report is a comprehensive review of the effectiveness of Turkey’s measures and their compliance with the FATF Recommendations. 

This includes an assessment of its actions to address the risks emanating from designated terrorists or terrorist organisations. The report does not address the justification that led to the designation of an entity as a terrorist or terrorist group or organisation. 

Turkey completed a national risk assessment in 2018.  Due to its geographic location, the country faces the greatest money laundering risks from drug trafficking, migrant smuggling, human trafficking and fuel smuggling. The country also faces significant terrorist financing risks from both national and international threats

Ratings

Effectiveness

Ratings that reflect the extent to which a country's measures are effective. The assessment is conducted on the basis of 11 immediate outcomes, which represent key goals that an effective AML/CFT system should achieve.

Ratings that reflect the extent to which a country's measures are effective. The assessment is conducted on the basis of 11 immediate outcomes, which represent key goals that an effective AML/CFT system should achieve.

Turkey Mutual Evaluation - 2019

IO1
SE
IO2
SE
IO3
ME
IO4
ME
IO5
ME
IO6
ME
IO7
ME
IO8
ME
IO9
ME
IO10
LE
IO11
LE

HE = high level of effectiveness   |   SE = substantial level of effectiveness    |   ME = moderate level of effectiveness   |   LE = low level of effectiveness

Technical Compliance

Ratings which reflect the extent to which a country has implemented the technical requirements of the FATF Recommendations.

Turkey Follow-Up Report - 2022

R.1 - Assessing risk & applying risk-based approach
LC
R.2 - National cooperation and coordination
LC
R.3 - Money laundering offence
LC
R.4 - Confiscation and provisional measures
C
R.5 - Terrorist financing offence
LC
R.6 - Targeted financial sanctions related to terrorism & terrorist financing
LC
R.7 - Targeted financial sanctions related to proliferation
LC
R.8 - Non-profit organisations
PC
R.9 - Financial institution secrecy laws
C
R.10 - Customer due diligence
LC
R.11 - Record keeping
C
R.12 - Politically exposed persons
NC
R.13 - Correspondent banking
LC
R.14 - Money or value transfer services
LC
R.15 - New technologies
NC
R.16 - Wire transfers
LC
R.17 - Reliance on third parties
C
R.18 - Internal controls and foreign branches and subsidiaries
LC
R.19 - Higher-risk countries
LC
R.20 - Reporting of suspicious transactions
C
R.21 - Tipping-off and confidentiality
C
R.22 - DNFBPs: Customer due diligence
PC
R.23 - DNFBPs: Other measures
C
R.24 - Transparency and beneficial ownership of legal persons
LC
R.25 - Transparency and beneficial ownership of legal arrangements
LC
R.26 - Regulation and supervision of financial institutions
PC
R.27 - Powers of supervisors
LC
R.28 - Regulation and supervision of DNFBPs
PC
R.29 - Financial intelligence units
C
R.30 - Responsibilities of law enforcement and investigative authorities
C
R.31 - Powers of law enforcement and investigative authorities
LC
R.32 - Cash couriers
LC
R.33 - Statistics
LC
R.34 - Guidance and feedback
LC
R.35- Sanctions
LC
R.36 - International instruments
LC
R.37 - Mutual legal assistance
C
R.38 - Mutual legal assistance: freezing and confiscation
C
R.39 - Extradition
C
R.40 - Other forms of international cooperation
LC

C = compliant   |   LC = largely compliant     |   PC = partially compliant   |   NC = non-compliant

Effectiveness

Ratings that reflect the extent to which a country's measures are effective. The assessment is conducted on the basis of 11 immediate outcomes, which represent key goals that an effective AML/CFT system should achieve.

Ratings that reflect the extent to which a country's measures are effective. The assessment is conducted on the basis of 11 immediate outcomes, which represent key goals that an effective AML/CFT system should achieve.

Turkey Mutual Evaluation - 2019

IO1
SE
IO2
SE
IO3
ME
IO4
ME
IO5
ME
IO6
ME
IO7
ME
IO8
ME
IO9
ME
IO10
LE
IO11
LE

HE = high level of effectiveness   |   SE = substantial level of effectiveness    |   ME = moderate level of effectiveness   |   LE = low level of effectiveness

Lead Ministry/Authority in the FATF Delegation

Observer

Head of delegation


Also member of

  • 21 Oct 2022

    Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring - 21 October 2022 Jurisdictions under increased monitoring are actively working with the FATF to address strategic deficiencies in their regimes to counter money laundering, terrorist financing, and proliferation financing. Nicaragua and Pakistan are no longer subject to increased monitoring by the FATF.
  • 17 Jun 2022

    Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring - June 2022 Jurisdictions under increased monitoring are actively working with the FATF to address strategic deficiencies in their regimes to counter money laundering, terrorist financing, and proliferation financing.
  • 10 May 2022

    Turkey's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing This follow-up report analyses Turkey's progress in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its 2019 Mutual Evaluation and since its 2021 follow-up report.
  • 30 Nov 2021

    Turkey's progress in strengthening measures to tackle money laundering and terrorist financing This follow-up report analyses Turkey's progress in addressing the technical compliance deficiencies identified in its 2019 Mutual Evaluation.
  • 21 Oct 2021

    Jurisdictions under Increased Monitoring - October 2021 Jurisdictions under increased monitoring are actively working with the FATF to address strategic deficiencies in their regimes to counter money laundering, terrorist financing, and proliferation financing.
  • 16 Dec 2019

    Turkey's measures to combat money laundering and terrorist financing Turkey has understood the risks it faces from money laundering and terrorist financing but serious shortcomings remain, including the need to improve measures for freezing assets linked to terrorism and proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.
  • 18 Oct 2019

    Outcomes FATF Plenary, 16-18 October 2019 FATF President Xiangmin Liu of the People's Republic of China, chaired the first Plenary meeting under the Chinese Presidency in Paris on 16-18 October 2019. Outcomes from this Plenary include the adoption of the assessments of Russia and Turkey, Brazil, Best Practices and new work on combating the laundering of proceeds of illegal wildlife trade.
  • 24 Oct 2014

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: on-going process – 24 October 2014 The FATF identified jurisdictions which have strategic weaknesses in their anti-money laundering and counter terrorist financing (AML/CTF) framework. These countries have developed an action plan with the FATF to address these AML/CTF weaknesses. FATF congratulates Argentina, Cuba, Ethiopia, Tajikistan and Turkey for the strategic progress made in addressing the AML/CFT deficiencies earlier identified by the FATF.
  • 22 Oct 2014

    Mutual Evaluation of Turkey : 15th Follow-Up Report Turkey has made significant progress in addressing deficiencies in its measures to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism, as identified in its February 2007 mutual evaluation report. This follow-up report provides an overview of the main changes since the 2007 evaluation of Turkey's level of compliance with the FATF Recommendations.
  • 27 Jun 2014

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: on-going process - 27 June 2014 The FATF identified jurisdictions which have strategic weaknesses in their anti-money laundering and counter terrorist financing (AML/CTF) framework. These countries have developed an action plan with the FATF to address these AML/CTF weaknesses. The FATF recognised that Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Nepal and Tanzania made significant progress in improving their AML/CTF regime and will therefore no longer be subject to the FATF’s monitoring process.
  • 14 Feb 2014

    FATF Public Statement - 14 February 2014 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in October 2013 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 18 Oct 2013

    FATF Public Statement, 18 October 2013 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in June 2013 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 21 Jun 2013

    FATF Public Statement - 21 June 2013 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in February 2013 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 22 Feb 2013

    Outcomes of the FATF Plenary, 20-22 February 2013 The FATF Plenary adopted the Methodology for Assessing Technical Compliance with the FATF Recommendations and the effectiveness of AML/CFT systems; Guidance on AML/CFT measures and financial inclusion and Guidance on conducting National Risk Assessment. The FATF also issued a statement on Turkey, and an update on AML/CFT Improvements in Ghana and Venezuela.
  • 22 Feb 2013

    FATF Public Statement 22 February 2013 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in October 2012 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 19 Oct 2012

    Outcomes of the Plenary meeting of the FATF, Paris, 17-19 October 2012 The FATF Plenary issued a statement concerning Turkey, reviewed the voluntary tax compliance programmes in Curaçao and published the follow-up report to the mutual evaluation report of Hong Kong, China. The Plenary also revised two Best Practices Papers and the Reference Guide and Information Note on the use of the FATF Recommendations to support the fight against Corruption.
  • 19 Oct 2012

    FATF Public Statement - 19 October 2012 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in June 2012 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 25 Jun 2012

    FATF Public Statement - 22 June 2012 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in February 2012 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 16 Feb 2012

    FATF Public Statement - 16 February 2012 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in October 2011 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 28 Oct 2011

    FATF Public Statement - 28 October 2011 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in June 2011 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 24 Jun 2011

    FATF Public Statement - 24 June 2011 The FATF has updated its public statement issued in February 2011 which identifies jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT deficiencies.
  • 25 Feb 2011

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: on-going process - 25 February 2011 As part of its ongoing review of compliance with the AML/CFT standards, the FATF has identified jurisdictions which have strategic AML/CFT deficiencies for which they have developed an action plan with the FATF.
  • 22 Oct 2010

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: update on-going process - October 2010 As part of its ongoing review of compliance with the AML/CFT standards, the FATF has identified jurisdictions which have strategic AML/CFT deficiencies for which they have developed an action plan with the FATF.
  • 25 Jun 2010

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: update on-going process - June 2010 The FATF has identified jurisdictions which have strategic AML/CFT deficiencies for which they have developed an action plan with the FATF. While the situations differ among each jurisdiction, each jurisdiction has provided a written high-level political commitment to address the identified deficiencies.
  • 18 Feb 2010

    Improving Global AML/CFT Compliance: update on-going process - February 2010 As part of its ongoing review of compliance with the anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing standards, the FATF has to date identified a number of jurisdictions which have strategic deficiencies. These jurisdictions have developed an action plan with the FATF to address these deficiencies. While the situations differ among each jurisdiction, each jurisdiction has provided a written high-level political commitment to address the identified deficiencies. FATF welcomes these commitments.
  • 23 Feb 2007

    Mutual Evaluation of Turkey The report of the mutual evaluation of Turkey was adopted by the FATF Plenary in February 2007. This report provides a summary of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) measures in place in Turkey at September 2006 (the date of the on-site visit) and also considers the new AML legislation passed in October 2006. The mutual evaluation report describes and analyses those measures and provides recommendations on how certain aspects of the system could be strengthened. It also sets out Turkey’s levels of compliance with the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 40 + 9 Recommendations